Healthy gums & gum problems

The gums – referred to by experts as the gingiva – perform two important tasks: they help to hold the teeth in place whilst protecting the sensitive neck and root of the tooth. Healthy gums also help to maintain the health of the teeth as well as our general well-being. As the gums are part of the oral mucous membranes, they are rich in blood vessels, which makes them sensitive. Consequently, inflamed or injured gums are often perceived as extremely unpleasant.

This makes taking care of healthy gums and treating gum inflammation all the more important. Our guide will help you recognise the most common problems and diseases and provides tips on how to keep your gums healthy.

Mundpartie einer Frau, die mit einem Finger auf ihr entzündetes Zahnfleisch über ihren Schneidezähnen deutet

Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis)

If your gums are reddened, swollen or even bleeding, these may be signs of gingivitis. In this article you will learn how to detect inflamed gums, how good oral hygiene promotes healing and when gingivitis requires a visit to the dentist.

Illustration eines Backenzahns im Querschnitt: links gesundes Zahnfleisch, rechts entzündetes Zahnfleisch mit Zahnfleischschwund


Periodontitis – also known as gum disease – is an inflammation of the socket. For many patients, this disease goes unnoticed for some time, since at the initial stage there are few symptoms. In this article you will find out how to recognise periodontitis and how to treat it.

Illustration eines Backenzahns mit Querschnitt des Zahnbetts und umgebenden Kieferknochen

Bleeding gums

Whether you discover your gums bleeding between meals, during mealtime or when brushing your teeth, you need to clarify the cause. It is not usual for healthy gums to bleed.